ECUADOR COAT OF ARMS

By Manuel Palacios, the Tayos Cave Man (total or partial reproduction is prohibited without the author’s permission).

Each year, on 31th October we conmemorate the Day of the Arms of Ecuador, a laudable one that has been pushed out by the foreigh holiday of Halloween, so I  decided to make an analysis on that, as it is in relation to the main issues of my research:  „The Crespi collection, origin,  epigraphic decoding and present place.”

This is an oval shield. In the upper part of its inside the Sun appears, in the centre a part of the zodiac is represented with the signs of Aries, Taurus, Gemini and Cancer. These signs correspond to the historical months of March, April, May and June, in their order, this was the period during which the battle lasted between the revolutonaries led by the  provisional government the seat of which was in Guayaquil and the General Juan José Flores who was insisting on the power.

In the lower part  cutting the horizon the Chimborazo, one of the highest mounts of the Andes can be seen under blue sky. The River Guayas is born from the snow of Chimborazo and this river acrossing fertile lands downwards through the coast of the Pacific Ocean and flowing into the ocean symbolizes the brotherhood of all Ecuadorians.

A steamboat ploughs the wide part of the river. It’s an allusion to the first steamboat built in the Pacific coast in the docks of Guayaquil in 1841 and has aan olive branch decorated with garlands as a mast,  it’s symbol of the  shipping and the commerce.

The shield rests on a consular Roman bundle of sticks (fasces), it’s the emblem of the authority of the Republic composed by a bunch  of sticks fastened  with a ribbon which wraps an axe. Four national flags surround the shield , two of these on  handles of lances, these were the main weapons used in the  battles for the independence, and two on handles of halberds symbolizing the custody of the constructed power, and in their centre two branches appear, one is that of a palm symbolizing the martyrism of those who gave us the liberty (at that time the phrase „the palm of martyrism” was used to be said), and the other is that of a laurel symbolizing the triumph and a glory. Some  shields of the arms are drawn wrongly, as olive branch is represented instead of palm and laurel. The palm and laurel branches  are what count in the decree of the arms. In the upper part of the shield the Andean condor is rising up  spreading its wings symbolizing  the power, greatness and pride

 In the historical aspect on the present form of the shield, with the expect of the tricolour, the National Convent reassembled in Cuenca with Pablo Merino Ortega being in the chair after the triumph of 6th March 1845. He decreed the change the arms by the decree of 6th November 1845, it is said that the poet Jose Joaquín de Olmedo created this shield to be oval which inside contain the Sun in  the upper part with the portions of the ellipse on which the signs corresponding to the memorable months of March, April, May and June could be found. On the right side of the lower part the  Chimborazo Volcano would be represented  from where a river would be born and where it is the most abundant in water there would be the steamboat called Guayas  having an olive branch decorated with garlandsas a mast symbolizing the shipping and the commerce which are  the source of Ecuador’s prosperity. The shield would rest on a consular bundle of sticks as insignia of the Republic’s dignity, and outside it would be decorated with national flags and branches of laurel and palm  and crowned with a condor of spred wings, on both sides bicoloured flags to mention the decree, they are blue and white with 7 stars in them.

Then, when General Eloy Alfaro became the Republic’s president the National Congress in 1900 definitively determinded the national symbols

 The present and definitive arms was adopted  on 31th October 1900 and when having obtained  the executive order of General Eloy Alfaro on 7th November 1900, the decree was published in the Official Register with no. 1272 on 5th December 1900. In the article of his decree of 31th October of the above mentioned year he changes the disposition of 1845 making only one modification according to what the bicoloured flags should be used instead of  the Colombian tricoloured ones. This was the same shield drawn by Olmedo with the only change of colours of the flags according to the disposition no. 1272 of the Official Register adopted ont he 5th December 1900, for this reason I call it the Day of the Arms

As concluding remarks to the historical aspect I have to emphasize that both José Joaquín  de Olmedo and Eloy Alfaro were masons that suggests that  the ornaments and symbols of the arms, like those of many buildings of the colonial Ecuador, have got an esoteric character. For this reason, when around the middle of the first decade of third millenium while I was working on the epigraphic decoding and catalogizing of the photos of the Crespi collection (it’s not finished yet due to lack of time and financial sources needed to be be finished) and I faced this image (drawing) which crowns this article that is a golden piece found in the Crespi collection. For its dimensions and characteristics this piece was the part of the 56 ones what the priest kept in the museum of  Maria Auxiliadora parish and after a fire the majority was decreased in number and the ones which were not lost or destroyed showed modifications, apparently  a 50 %  of the right segment inside and the western hemisphere of the mentioned piece were took off from the original plate, however, what  remained is more than sufficient to appreciate that it has got a relationship with the arms of Ecuador, that is more than accidental.

It’s easy to say that this piece was of masonic manufacture, so easy as it would be said that the majority of the ancient buildings were of extraterrestrial creation, or to justify that the old civilizations had been barbaric or not, however, evidences suggest that some settled civilizations were more advanced in knowledge and spirituality than the ours.

The relationship between  the arms Crespi and that of Ecuador are as follows:

  1. The Andean condor, ready to fly upwards, looking to the right. No other American arms show this position.
  1. In both sides there are two flags, however,  stripes aren’t suggested, at

their centres two branches appear, to the right that of the laurel, and of the palm to the left.

  1. The oval form, however, it’s not completed.
  1. The tip of the lance in the upper right quarter of the circle in the arms

of Crespi is the same. Evidently one can’t make comparations with the other 3 quarters of the national arms but the logic and tendency suggest us that the are the same, too.

  1. The shield rests on a bundle  serving as console, which is an

emblem of the authority of the Republic, composed by  a package of sticks fastened by a ribbon wrapping an axe. In the Crespi shield only the base of this bundle is suggested.

On the other hand, and as to a part of my analysis, the person we can see here who was identified as Aramu Muru by some people, I can declare emphatically that his clothing is very similar to that of the Shumer (and that of the hundreds of groups deriving from them), however, the sceptre in his hands is related to the Mayan culture (it’s not the first time that we can find such a relationship because in the artefacts of Maná there are  goblets with proto-Mayan numeration).

I think, now the readers of my work would know that when saying Shumer I refer to an original group of America which was flourishing in the area of Shumir, today that of the provinces of Azuay,, Zamora Chinchipe, Morona Santiago and Loja in Ecuador. When saying it, I start from the  semiologic and linguistic relationship, my knowledge of some native and ancient, already extincted languages of this region  makes me possible to claim it. Returning to the sceptre in his hands it’s the emblem of the foot (as it were the body of the snake inhalf,but in reality it’s the foot of the sceptre)  of god káwil’s snake about which a fast analysis indicates that is a realistic  representation  of the god or of that who  was acting  as a god in his ceremonial  clothing. Related to the nobility, the lightning,, the crop, the blood offering, the fertility and the germination he was the guard of the life and the protector of the four quarters of the cosmos. According to the texts of the  Templo de la Cruz Foliada in Palenque from the three created gods K’awiil  (GII) was the last to be born. In the post-classic period the people of Yucatán called him B’olon Tz’akab (Nine Generations, Continuous or  Everlasting Thing) and perhaps he was Tohil (Storm) or Huracán (Ray of a Leg) in Guatemala’s highlands.

Like Itzamnaaj, of whom he is just another  manifestation, he was a deity having both worldly and celestial attributes.

However, the sceptre forming the legof the snake also accompanied the Mayan rulers called Káwil, for example Hasaw Chan Káwil (530 AD), but his clothing didn’t resemble to that used by the rulers of Tikal of that time. In any case, the analysis is to be considered yet preliminary and the most important would be receiving an invitation from the Mexican government in order to a make a deeper investigation and clarify this enigma.

But beyond the different cultures’ similarity of the elements, the presence and combination of symbols, what does this plate mean? A powerful person, a god in the arms of Ecuador. Symbols of the past and future connecting with each other. Would it mean perhaps the return of this god to this territory?  In any case, it’s a profecy of a future shaped in  the past.

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Un pensamiento en “ECUADOR COAT OF ARMS

  1. Dear Manuel!
    Very interesting!Good job!🙂

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